Chicos Modernos

Type: 
Comic
First Document: 
1989
Last Document: 
1992
Address: 
The CORE Program
7740 (1/2) Santa Monica Bl.
West Hollywood, CA 90046
Abstract: 

 Excluding its first edition, Chicos Modernos was a Spanish-written comic series illustrated by Joey Terrill, author of Homeboy Beautiful emphasizing the importance of practicing safe sex. Published between 1989 and 1992 by The CORE Program funded by the L.A. County Dept. of Health Services, the comic promoted and spread knowledge about safe sex during the A.I.D.S. pandemic, such as who was at risk of infection and how to take safety measures-- all while maintaining culturally-relevant comic elements. This information was extremely useful given the time frame and targeted demographic. Moreover, the comics were published solely in Spanish during the height of the A.I.D.S. pandemic-- a time in which Hispanic communities lost thousands due to the virus. Chicos Modernos became not only a source of entertainment, but an indirect health resource. The address listed belonged to The CORE Program, 1990's.

Body: 

Chicos Modernos was a free Spanish-written comic illustrated by Homeboy Beautiful’s Joey Terrill, a queer Chicano artist. This comic series focused on promoting stigma of safe sex, information on the S.I.D.A. (A.I.D.S.) pandemic, and served as a resource to its readers. Due to facing issues including racial discrimination, poverty, barrio gentrification, and gang violence; a number of Chicanos (and other Hispanics) found their community members displaced, turning to prostitution, and abusing intravenous drugs. Further, the free comic series was available to Chicanos at risk of infection who may have otherwise not found accessible information relating to the virus.

 Chicos Modernos translates to “Modern Boys”, suggesting a new or modern Chicano attitude relating to homosexuality. In the religious-influenced culture, homosexuality was not widely accepted due to tradition. Further, patriarchal Hispanic society expected men to act machismo/machiste-- displaying an exaggerated sense of manhood including aggression, seriousness, and strength. In addition, men were expected to marry women and continue the family name or legacy. Deviating from this standard and expressing one’s homosexuality was not accepted throughout the family or community level.

 The comic series addresses the state of S.I.D.A. (A.I.D.S.), who can be at risk, and how to protect oneself. By the same token, Chicos Modernos includes how to support one’s friends or family throughout the process of getting tested and mapping treatment options. For example, multiple pages throughout Terrill’s illustrated editions contain descriptions such as (translated) “An exam is to determine the presence of A.I.D.S. antibodies, it is not an exam ‘for’ A.I.D.S. A positive result indicates you are infected by the virus and can transmit to other people…” (Terrill, Vol II. P. 15). Similarly, (translated) “How to Use a Condom: … Do not use if they’re old, they may be broken. Use strong and durable ones to avoid tears/breaks…” (Terrill, Vol. III. P.21).

 Such information was not widely accessible to Hispanic communities, as homosexuality was not discussed-- especially if one was infected by the virus. Individuals, particularly those living on the street, were unaware of risks and how to keep themselves protected. By producing a free comic series in Spanish, Joey Terrill and The CORE Program provided information to those at risk of contracting A.I.D.S. or H.I.V. through a relatable, informal, and entertaining platform.

Citations: 

Chavoya, C. Ondine, and David Evans Frantz. Axis Mundo. USC Libraries and DelMonico Books * Prestel, 2017. ONE Archives at USC Libraries.

CORE Program. Chicos Modernos Vols. I-IV. 1989 1992. ONE Archives at USC Libraries.